IMGs make up 23% of the US physician workforce, and 24% of residents. The heaviest concentration of IMGs are in New Jersey (50% of the workforce), New York (48%), Florida (42%) and Illinois (38%). Almost half of all IMGs (48%) train in primary care specialties vs. 33% of U.S. graduates. The largest national groups are from India 20%, Pakistan 12%, Philippines 9% Former soviet republics 3%. Of the 196,576 total IMG population, 85% are involved in patient care, the rest in research.